Nissan GA16DE Engine

  1. Specifications
  2. Overview, problems
  3. Performance tuning

Nissan GA16 engine specs

Manufacturer Yokohama Plant
Also called Nissan GA16
Production 1987-2011
Cylinder block alloy Cast-iron
Configuration Straight-4
Valvetrain SOHC
2 valves per cylinder
3 valves per cylinder
4 valves per cylinder
Piston stroke, mm (inch) 88 (3.46)
Cylinder bore, mm (inch) 76 (2.99)
Compression ratio 9.5
Displacement 1597 cc (97.4 cu in)
Power output 66 kW (90 HP) at 5,200 rpm
68 kW (92 HP) at 6,000 rpm
73 kW (99 HP) at 6,000 rpm
81 kW (110 HP) at 6,000 rpm
81 kW (110 HP) at 6,000 rpm
84 kW (115 HP) at 6,000 rpm
Torque output 123 Nm (90 lb·ft) at 3,200 rpm
133 Nm (98 lb·ft) at 3,200 rpm
150 Nm (110 lb·ft) at 4,000 rpm
146 Nm (107 lb·ft) at 4,000 rpm
150 Nm (110 lb·ft) at 4,000 rpm
146 Nm (107 lb·ft) at 4,000 rpm
Redline 6,900
HP per liter 56.4
Fuel type Gasoline
Weight, kg (lbs)
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (mpg)

for NX1600
9.6 (24)
6.3 (37)

8.0 (29)
Turbocharger  Naturally aspirated
Oil consumption , L/1000 km
(qt. per miles)
up to 0.5
(1 qt. per 1200 miles)
Recommended engine oil 5W-30
Engine oil capacity, L (qt.) 3.2 (3.4)
Oil change interval, km (miles) 5,000-10,000
Normal engine operating temperature, °C (F)
Engine lifespan, km (miles)
-Official information

300,000+ (180,000)
Tuning, HP
-Max HP
-No life span loss


The engine is installed in Nissan Almera
Nissan NX1600/100NX
Nissan Primera
Nissan Pulsar/Sabre
Nissan Sentra/Tsuru
Nissan Avenir
Nissan Exalta
Nissan Presea
Nissan Sunny
Nissan Wingroad/Tsubame

Nissan GA16DE engine reliability, problems and repair

Along with GA15DE, 1.6-liter GA16 engine was produced. Its main difference from GA15 is cylinder diameter enlarged to 76 mm. New pistons are used, compression ratio is 9.5.
The first versions were equipped with carburetor and 12-valves head (8 -valve cylinder head happens rarely) with one camshaft. Those were GA16S engines. Such modifications might have catalytic converter or not have it at all. Also GA16E version was manufactured. It used multi point fuel injection system and 12 valves cylinder head. In the end of 1990 the most famous version GA16DE appeared. It had DOHC head with 16 valves and multi point fuel injection system.
The early version GA16DE was equipped with variable valve timing system NVCS on the intake side and its power was 110 HP. Later, in 1995, the engine got modified camshafts and intake system, what added 5 HP more. GA16DE EU-version did not used NVCS system and displayed 102 HP.
GA16DS, produced since 1995, was equipped with DOHC head and carburetor.
GA16DE does not have any hydraulic lifters, so you should regulate the valves every 30,000 miles of mileage (40,000-50,000 km). Valve clearance (cold engine): inlet valves 0.25-0.33 mm, exhaust 0.32-0.4 mm.
GA16 engines have two timing chains. Their service life is about 150,000 miles of mileage (200,000-250,000 km).
All the versions of this engine were produced till 1999, and after that GA16 was substituted with QG16DE. Specially for certain Nissan models, made for Mexico and SAR, the engine was kept being installed up to 2011.

Nissan GA16DE engine problems and malfunctions

GA engines are very reliable and durable. They do not have any significant problems, except for the ones of idle air control valve and MAF sensor, which happen from time to time. GA16DE life expectancy is 200,000 miles of mileage (300,000 km) or more. To support it, you should use good motor oil, gasoline and to serve the engine in time.

Nissan GA16DE engine tuning

N/A build

If your engine is in good state, gaining some more HP is possible. For this you should buy SR20 throttle body and cold air intake, header, 2” performance exhaust system, JWT ECU. It will also have a sense to make your head port and polish. It is better to use the head, made after 95. They have modified ports and more aggressive camshafts. Milling cylinder head on 2 mm will increase compression ratio to 11-11.3. You may keep stock cams, but it is better to use aftermarket cams (duration is about from 263 to 272). Having adjusted your ECU, you will get 140-150 horsepower. Your car will become considerably faster, but it costs much. Therefore it is better to sell your car and to purchase used Mitsubishi Evolution.
The same is regarding turbo GA16DE. Stock internals may not bear even 7 psi (0.5 bar) boost pressure. And forged internals cost more, than your car itself.